First Aid General and Guidance for First Aiders during COVID-19
Remember first aid is generally required in an emergency situation. Ensure you know who your local first aid personnel are and how to contact them. First aid assistance is also available from the Control Hub by contacting extension 2222 or using a red emergency telephone. If using a mobile phone 01484 47 then the extension number.
Current first aid personnel
Use the following link to access details of first aid personnel within each university building
Roles of first aid personnel
The principal roles are:
- Take charge of the incident they are called to.
- Provide immediate treatment to the casualty.
- Provide continuing care to the casualty until they fully recover or the emergency services arrive.
First aid personnel are also responsible for ensuring the first aid signs in their area are up to date.
Summoning emergency assistance and calling for an ambulance
If there is any doubt as to the seriousness of someone’s injury or ill-health an ambulance must be called for immediately.
Contacting the emergency services is by 9999 on an internal telephone or 999 on a mobile telephone.
Where an internal or mobile telephone is not immediately to hand or others who could assist, the injured or unwell person should be left in order to summon help.
Where an ambulance has been called for you MUST notify the control hub so that the ambulance can be directed to the specific building or area on campus.
First aid personnel may advise the injured or unwell person that further medical assessment or treatment direct from campus is appropriate but the requesting of an ambulance is not. The following link provides the protocol in such instances.
These can be found in the following locations on campus:
- The control hub and university’s main reception at the front of Harold Wilson Building
- Main entrance and exit foyer of Haslett Building
- The library’s main help centre on level 4 of Schwann Building
- Team Hud reception on level 3 of Student Central
- Barbara Hepworth Floor 1
Security will be able to advise where the nearest defibrillator is located
Assessing first aid provision
The First Aid at Work Regulations place a duty on the university to ensure it provides an adequate number of qualified first aid personnel and access to first aid equipment and facilities in relation to the activities and locations under its control.
This duty relates to those at work. The regulations do not require provision for non-employees however the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) recommends they are considered in assessments which the university does (e.g. students, researchers, visitors)
The following factors are taken into account when determining the necessary first aid provision: -
- The types of activities taking place and the injuries or ill health conditions these most likely present;
- The numbers of people involved or affected by these activities;
- Times when these activities are taking place and the availability of people to provide first aid assistance; and
- Both time and location proximity to people able to provide first aid assistance and to the emergency services.
The HSE’s provides a first aid assessment tool.
Reporting first aid treatment rendered
The university’s web-based incident report form is the method for recording when first aid treatment has been rendered, by who, what treatment rendered or advice provided, and the reason for the treatment or advice being given.
Becoming a first-aider
Where a first aid provision need is identified along with the individual willing to undertake the role, the Office of Health and Safety should be notified at its general email address. The form containing dates of forthcoming training courses will then forwarded for that individual to complete, obtain their line manager’s authorisation and return to OHS.
Any member of staff joining the university and still holding a valid first aid at work qualification should contact the OHS.
First aid training
To become qualified in first aid at work requires attendance on a 3-day training courses concluding with successful completion of both a short theory and a practical exam. The OHS will provide details of upcoming training courses. The resultant certificate is valid for 3 years.
In order to maintain their first aid at work qualification individuals are required to successfully complete a 2-day refresher training course. OHS will notify individuals at least two months ahead of their current certificate expiring, providing details of upcoming refresher training taking place ahead of their certificate’s expiry date.
Should an individual’s first aid at work qualification lapse (i.e. not successfully complete the 2-day refresher training course before expiration of their current certificate) but they wish to continue as a first-aider, they will be required to successfully complete the 3-day training course again in order to re-qualify.
Should an individual wish to no longer continue their first aid at work role they must notify their line manager and OHS as soon as possible.
Additional first aid training and awareness opportunities
During the periods between qualification and refresher training OHS will look to provide additional training and awareness to support first aid personnel in their role where relevant and appropriate.
OHS will also coordinate opportunities for first-aiders to share experiences etc. through collective discussion, either periodically or where specific situations warrant.
First aid box contents and maintaining levels
There is a useful guide provided to help match this risk assessment to an appropriate size kit.
|Category of Hazard||Number of Employees||Number and size of first aid kits|
e.g. shops, offices, libraries etc.
Less than 25
25 - 100
more than 100
Small size kit
Medium size kit
1 Large kit per 100 employees
e.g. light engineering and assembly work, food processing, warehousing, extensive work with dangerous machinery or sharp instruments, construction, chemical manufacture etc.
Less than 5
5 - 25
more than 25
Small size kit
Medium size kit
1 Large kit per 25 employees
First Aid Kit Contents
|Contents||Small Kit||Medium Kit||Large Kit||Travel Kit|
|Burn Relief Dressing||1||2||2||1|
|Individually Wrapped Sterile Plasters Assorted Sizes||40||60||100||10|
|Sterile Eye Pads||2||3||4||1|
|Foil Blanket Adult Size||1||2||3||1|
|Large Sterile Individually Wrapped Unmedicated Dressing||1||2||2||1|
|Medium Sterile Individually Wrapped Unmedicated Dressing||4||6||8||1|
|Nitrile Gloves Pair||6||9||12||1|
|First Aid Guidance Leaflet||1||1||1||1|
|Individually Wrapped Triangular Bandages||2||3||4||1|
Based on local assessments additional contents may be deemed appropriate. Tablets and medicines must not form part of the contents of a first aid box.
First aid personnel take responsibility for ensuring first aid boxes are sufficiently stocked and items remain in date. Items can be purchased locally or online by each school/service.
Guidance for first aiders during COVID-19
Dear First Aider
Please see below Resuscitation Council’s updated guidance for CPR in terms of mitigating the risk of COVID-19 to be followed going forward:
- Recognise cardiac arrest by looking for the absence of signs of life and the absence of normal breathing. Do not listen or feel for breathing by placing your ear and cheek close to the patient’s mouth. If you are in any doubt about confirming cardiac arrest, the default position is to start chest compressions until help arrives.
- Make sure an ambulance is on its way. If COVID 19 is suspected, tell them when you call 999.
- If there is a perceived risk of infection, rescuers should place a cloth/towel over the casualty’s mouth and nose and attempt compression only CPR and early defibrillation until the ambulance (or advanced care team) arrives. Put hands together in the middle of the chest and push hard and fast.
- Early use of a defibrillator significantly increases the person’s chances of survival and does not increase risk of infection.
- If the rescuer has access to any form of personal protective equipment (PPE) this should be worn.
- After performing compression-only CPR, all rescuers should wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water; alcohol-based hand gel is a convenient alternative. They should also seek advice from the NHS 111 coronavirus advice service or medical adviser.
Here are some useful links with information for first aid practice to help protect those involved from COVID-19:
- Resuscitation Council: https://www.resus.org.uk/media/statements/resuscitation-council-uk-statements-on-covid-19-coronavirus-cpr-and-resuscitation/covid-community/
- St John Ambulance: https://www.sja.org.uk/get-advice/first-aid-advice/covid-19-advice-for-first-aiders/
- HSE: https://www.hse.gov.uk/news/first-aid-certificate-coronavirus.htm
Additionally for application of this on Campus while performing first aid duties:
- First Aider PPE is currently available for collection at the Security Control Hub for the event of any first aid incident in the current circumstances on campus
- Wash hands with soap and water or sanitise hands if hand washing facilities are not available, prior to attending a first aid incident and before touching/putting PPE on
- Suitable PPE will be made available for First Aiders on Campus and this should be kept (in sufficient supply and to avoid contamination) with your coverage-area first aid kit, and donned at a safe distance prior to dealing with a first aid incident
- Where possible and when less than 2 metres distancing is not necessary, provide advice and direct the person requesting first aid on that basis
- If there is a requirement for first aid contact and less than 2 metre distancing, where priorities of preserving life, preventing deterioration and promoting recovery are applied, proceed in providing first aid as required, with PPE & best practice in the circumstances used to control the risk of potential COVID-19 transmission
- Following a first aid incident, PPE and any other contaminated items (e.g. - tissues) should be suitably disposed of (a bag for this will be provided)
- First aiders should sanitise hands (if hand washing facilities of soap and water are not immediately available) and wash hands as soon as possible following any first aid treatment
- First aiders should not touch their faces, mouths or eyes until suitable hand washing after administering first aid treatment
- First aid kits and equipment used (e.g. AED) should be sanitised (alcohol wipes) and restocked (as per usual arrangements to ensure suitable stock and availability of first aid consumables) following any incident, with personal hygiene principals around PPE & hand washing observed
- The first aid treatment should be reported as an incident as per the usual reporting arrangement (HASIMS)
- In the event of compression only CPR or any other concerns related to the first aid treatment provided and COVID-19, seek advice from the NHS 111 coronavirus advice service or medical adviser
- Any other concerns should be directed to the Office of Health & Safety - firstname.lastname@example.org